napa humane

Animal Poison Control Center

The ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center is a great resource for any animal poison-related emergency.  If you believe that your pet has ingested something toxic you should see your veterinarian immediately.  If you are unable to have your pet seen by a veterinarian right away you can call the ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center.  They are available by telephone, 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. If you think that your pet may have ingested a potentially poisonous substance, make the call that can make all the difference: 888.426.4435. A $60 consultation fee may be applied to your credit card.

The ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center is dedicated to helping animals exposed to potentially hazardous substances by providing 24-hour veterinary diagnostic and treatment recommendations. The center is committed to protecting and improving the lives of animals through toxicology educational programs and non-traditional research.

The ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center has specially trained veterinary toxicologists on-duty around the clock and has an extensive collection of scientific journals and books as well as sophisticated databases available nowhere else. The center's clinical experiences collected over the past ten years can be rapidly reviewed for diagnostic and treatment insight.

When calling the center, be prepared to provide the following information: the name of the poison your animal was exposed to, the amount and how long ago; the species, breed, age, sex, and weight of your pet; and the symptoms the animal is displaying. You'll also be asked to provide your name, address, phone number, and credit card information.

Below is valuable infromation to protect your pet from potentially toxic foods, plants, and household items.


Foods Potentially Poisonous to Pets

Some foods that are considered good for people can be very dangerous for pets. The list below highlights some of the most common foods that can be dangerous to animals. This is not an exhaustive list and any decision to provide your pet with food not specifically intended for animals should be discussed with your veterinarian.

The following foods may be dangerous to your pet:

  • Alcoholic beverages
  • Apple seeds
  • Apricot pits
  • Avocados—toxic to birds, mice, rabbits, horses, cattle and dairy goats
  • Cherry pits
  • Candy (particularly chocolate, which is toxic to dogs, cats and ferrets, and any candy containing the sweetener Xylitol)
  • Coffee (grounds, beans, chocolate covered espresso beans)
  • Grapes
  • Hops (used in home beer brewing)
  • Macadamia nuts
  • Moldy foods
  • Mushroom plants
  • Mustard seeds
  • Onions and onion powder
  • Peach pits
  • Potato leaves and stems (green parts)
  • Raisins
  • Rhubarb leaves
  • Salt
  • Tea (caffeine)
  • Tomato leaves and stems (green parts)
  • Walnuts
  • Yeast dough

    Common Poisonous Plants

    While plants add a touch of color and fragrance to our daily lives they also inject an element of danger into the lives of our pets.

    More than 700 plants have been identified as producing physiologically active or toxic substances in sufficient amounts to cause harmful effects in animals. Poisonous plants produce a variety of toxic substances and cause reactions ranging from mild nausea to death. Certain animal species may have a peculiar vulnerability to a potentially poisonous plant.

    Below is a list of some of the common plants which may produce a toxic reaction in animals. This list is intended only as a guide to plants which are generally identified as having the capability for producing a toxic reaction.

    PLANT

    TOXIC PARTS

    PLANT TYPE

    Aconite

    roots, foliage, seeds

    garden flower

    Apple

    seeds

    cultivated tree

    Arrowgrasses

    leaves

    marsh plants

    Atropa belladonna

    entire plant esp. seeds, roots

    garden herb

    Autumn Crocus

    entire plant

    garden flower

    Azaleas

    entire plant

    cultivated & wild shrub

    Baneberry

    berries, roots

    wildflower

    Bird-of-Paradise

    pods

    garden flower

    Black locust

    entire plant esp. bark, shoots

    tree

    Bloodroot

    entire plant esp. stem, roots

    wildflower, herb

    Box

    entire plant esp. leaves

    ornamental shrub

    Buckeye

    sprouts, nuts, seeds

    tree

    Buttercup

    entire plant esp. leaves

    wildflower, garden herb

    Caladium

    entire plant

    house plant

    Carolina jessamine

    flowers, leaves

    ornamental plant

    Castor bean

    entire plant esp. beans

    house plant

    Chinaberry tree

    berries

    tree

    Chockcherries

    leaves, cherries, pit

    wild shrub

    Christmas berry

    leaves

    shrub

    Christmas Rose

    rootstock, leaves

    garden flower

    Common privet

    leaves, berries

    ornamental shrub

    Corn cockle

    seeds

    wildflower, weed

    Cowbane

    entire plant esp. roots

    wildflower, herb

    Cow cockle

    seeds

    wildflower, weed

    Cowslip

    entire plant esp. leaves, stem

    wildflower, herb

    Daffodil

    bulbs

    garden flower

    Daphne

    bark, berries, leaves

    ornamental shrub

    Day lily

    entire plant is toxic to cats

    garden & wildflower

    Death Camas

    leaves, stems, seeds, flowers

    field herb

    Delphinium (Larkspur)

    entire plant esp. sprouts

    wildflower

    Dumbcane

    entire plant

    house plant

    Dutchman's breeches

    roots, foliage

    wild & garden flower

    Easter lily

    entire plant is toxic to cats

    flowering house plant

    Elderberry

    leaves, bark, roots, buds

    tree

    Elephant's ear

    entire plant

    house plant

    English Ivy

    entire plant esp. leaves, berries

    ornamental vine

    European Bittersweet

    entire plant esp. berries

    vine

    False Flax

    seeds

    wild herb

    False hellebore

    roots, leaves, seeds

    ornamental flower

    Fan weed

    seeds

    wildflower, herb

    Field peppergrass

    seeds

    wildflower, herb

    Foxglove

    leaves

    wild & garden flower

    Holly

    berries

    shrub

    Horsechestnut

    nuts, sprouts

    tree

    Horse nettle

    entire plant esp. berries

    wildflower, herb

    Hyacinth

    bulbs

    wild & house plant

    Iris

    leaves, roots

    wild & garden flower

    Jack-in-the-pulpit

    entire plant esp. roots, leaves

    wildflower

    Jatropha

    seeds

    tree, shrub

    Jerusalem Cherry

    unripe fruit, foliage

    ornamental plant

    Jimsonweed

    entire plant esp. seeds

    field plant

    Laburum

    seeds, pods, flowers

    ornamental plant

    Lantana

    foliage

    house plant

    Larkspur

    young plants

    wildflower

    Laurels

    leaves

    shrub

    Lily of the valley

    leaves, flowers

    garden & wildflower

    Lupines

    seeds, pods

    shrub

    Manchineel Tree

    sap, fruit

    tree

    Matrimony vine

    leaves, shoots

    ornamental vine

    Mayapple

    unripe fruit, roots, foliage

    wildflower

    Milk vetch

    entire plant

    wildflower

    Mistletoe

    berries

    house plant

    Monkshood

    entire plant esp. roots, seeds

    wildflower

    Moonseed

    fruit, roots

    vine

    Morning glory

    seeds, roots

    wildflower

    Mountain mahogany

    leaves

    shrub

    Mustards

    seeds

    wildflower

    Narcissus

    bulbs

    garden flower

    Nicotiana

    leaves

    garden flower

    Nightshade

    leaves, berries

    wildflower, vine

    Oaks

    shoots, leaves

    tree

    Oleander

    leaves

    ornamental shrub

    Philodendrons

    entire plant

    house plant

    Pokeweed

    roots, seeds, berries

    field plant

    Poinsettia

    leaves, stem, flowers

    house plant

    Poison hemlock

    leaves, stem, fruit

    field plant

    Potato

    shoots, sprouts

    garden plant

    Rattle box

    entire plant

    wildflower

    Rhododendron

    leaves

    ornamental shrub

    Rhubarb

    leaves

    garden plant

    Rosary pea

    seeds

    house plant

    Sago palm

    entire plant esp seeds

    ornamental plant

    Skunk cabbage

    entire plant esp roots, leaves

    marsh plant

    Smartweeds

    sap

    wildflower

    Snow-on-the-mountain

    sap

    field plant

    Sorghum

    leaves

    grass

    Star of Bethlehem

    entire plant

    wildflower

    Velvet grass

    leaves

    grass

    Wild black cherry

    leaves, pits

    tree

    Wild radish

    seeds

    wildflower

    Wisteria

    pods, seeds

    ornamental plant

    Woody aster

    entire plant

    wildflower

    Yellow jessamine

    entire plant

    ornamental vine

    Yellow oleander

    entire plant esp. leaves

    garden plant

    Yellow pine flax

    entire plant esp. seedpods

    wildflower

    Yew

    bark, leaves, seeds

    ornamental tree


    Protect Your Pet from Common Household Dangers

    Many common household items can pose a threat to animal companions. Even some items specifically meant for pets could cause health problems. To protect your pet, simply use common sense and take the same precautions you would with a child. Although rodent poisons and insecticides are the most common sources of companion animal poisoning, the following list of less common but potentially toxic agents should be avoided if at all possible:

    • Antifreeze that contains ethylene glycol has a sweet taste that attracts animals but is deadly if consumed in even small quantities; one teaspoon can kill a seven-pound cat. It is recommended that pet owners use a safe antifreeze in their vehicles. Look for antifreeze that contains propylene glycol, which is safe for animals if ingested in small amounts. Ethylene glycol can also be found in common household products like snow globes, so be sure to keep these things out the reach of animals.
    • Cocoa mulch contains ingredients that can be deadly to pets if ingested. The mulch, sold in garden supply stores, has a chocolate scent that is appetizing to some animals.
    • Chemicals used on lawns and gardens, such as fertilizer and plant food, can be easily accessible and fatal to a pet allowed in the yard unsupervised.
    • Cedar and other soft wood shavings, including pine, emit fumes that may be dangerous to small mammals like hamsters and gerbils.
    • Chocolate is poisonous to dogs, cats, and ferrets.
    • Insect control products, such as the insecticides used in many over-the-counter flea and tick remedies, may be toxic to companion animals. Flea and tick control products, sold at Napa Humane or through your veterinarian are much safer and more effective. Pet owners should never use any product without first consulting a veterinarian.
    • Fumes from nonstick cooking surfaces and self-cleaning ovens can be deadly to birds. Always be cautious when using any pump or aerosol spray around birds.
    • Human medications such as pain killers (including aspirin, acetaminophen, and ibuprofen), cold medicines, anti-cancer drugs, anti-depressants, vitamins, and diet pills can all be toxic to animals. Keep medication containers and tubes of ointments and creams away from pets who could chew through them, and be vigilant about finding and disposing of any dropped pills.
    • Leftovers such as chicken bones easily shatter and can choke a cat or dog. Other human foods to keep away from pets include onions and onion powder; alcoholic beverages; yeast dough; coffee grounds and beans; salt; macadamia nuts; tomato, potato, and rhubarb leaves and stems; avocados (toxic to birds, mice, rabbits, horses, cattle, and dairy goats); and anything with mold growing on it.
    • Poisonous household plants include azalea, geraniums, dieffenbachia (dumb cane), lilies, mistletoe, and philodendron, among others.
    • Rawhide doggie chews may be contaminated with Salmonella, which can infect pets and humans who come in contact with the chews. These kinds of chews should be offered to a pet only with supervision, as they can pose a choking hazard as well.
    • String, yarn, rubber bands, and even dental floss are easy to swallow and can cause intestinal blockages or strangulation.
    • Toys with removable parts—like squeaky toys or stuffed animals with plastic eyes—can pose a choking hazard to animals. Take the same precautions with pets as you would with a small child.

    It is recommended that pet owners use all household products with caution and keep a pet first-aid kit and manual readily available.  If all of your precautions fail, and you believe that your pet has been poisoned, contact your veterinarian or an emergency veterinary clinic immediately. Signs of poisoning include listlessness, abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, muscle tremors, lack of coordination, and fever.

    The ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center operates a hotline 24 hours a day, seven days a week at 888.426.4435 for a fee per case.


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